The cat is an animal that appreciates cleanliness and routine. If he naturally learns to feed in litter when in contact with his mother, incomplete weaning or disturbance in his environment may cause him to urinate or defecate outside the bin.
Fortunately, you can teach him the right actions to fix it, but it will arm you with patience, gentleness and show you rigorous in the choice and maintenance of the tray.
Discover our tips to teach your cat how to use litter.
Why is a cat naturally clean?
The cat is a clean animal by nature;
this reflex goes back to its wild instinct of preservation, because the cat is aware that the smell of its needs can help its predators to follow its track.
The animal sees there a reflex of survival.
The kitten learns by mimicry, that is to say by watching his mother make the movement and reproducing his gestures.
On the other hand, some animals separated too early from their mothers did not have time to be weaned and learn to use litter.
Nevertheless, it is possible to teach them how to do their bedding and cover them. Discover our tips to achieve this.
The litter box for your cat
The first step is to choose the right litter box for your pet and maintain it properly.
Choose the right litter
The choice of litter is important, because if it does not please your cat, he will flee.
Avoid clumping litters, which stick to the legs, and toxic and scented patterns, as it may happen that your cat swallows a little.
Outside, cats like to scratch in the sand, so do not hesitate to opt for a very fine non-sticky version.
If the odors disturb, avoid the chemical scents, often irritating and repellent, and prefer to sprinkle some baking soda in the bottom of the tank, before the litter; it will absorb the smell naturally.
Another good solution, ecological, healthy, economical, clean and natural, is to choose the wood pellets that are put in the pellet stoves. These are small wood pellets, as their name suggests, safe for your pet.
They naturally absorb odors and do not make dust, being too big to be caught in the cat’s claws and thus transported elsewhere. When the granules are soiled by the urine, they turn into powder and fall into the bottom of the tank, while drying.
The washing of the tray is thus much easier, leaving no residue on the walls. If your cat tolerates them, do not hesitate to use this economical and ecological solution.
Once your cat likes a litter, do not change any more, because it may be disturbed. However, to make a change if the litter chosen is of poor quality, operate as for croquettes.
Indeed, do not make brutal replacement: mix the two litters (old and new) by increasing the dosage of the new each time until there is more than the latter. Your cat will have the time to get used to it calmly and without stress.
Where to place the litter box?
The cat is modest and needs to be reassured and quiet when it is needed. Place the bin in a quiet place of the house, with few passages and noises, and especially away from its bowls of water and food.
Indeed, the odors of his needs are unpleasant when he eats, as for you!
If you have several cats, you will need one tray per animal and each placed in different and spaced places.
How to maintain the litter box?
The cat is an animal that likes cleanliness; if his litter is dirty, he will not go there to do his needs. It is therefore important to remove once a day the feces from the tray and grains contaminated with urine. Buy for it a small shovel adapted.
Avoid intervening after each pass of your cat in the tank, because it may not understand what it is used for.
A pickup a day is enough.
Once a week on average – earlier if needed – empty the bin and clean it with bleach. Cats love this smell and will be attracted by it to do their needs. Empty everything in a bag and throw it in the trash.
However, never clean an accident outside the litter with bleach, because your cat, attracted by the smell, will start again. In these places, however, spread a repellent so that he is not tempted to return.
Teach your cat to use his litter box
Do not hesitate to put your cat in his litter after his meals and make a scratching gesture to induce him to do his needs if he does not do it himself.
On the other hand, do not force him to make the movement by holding his paws, because he is likely to be afraid.
If you find him insulating himself, scratching the floor or sniffing him, he is about to go out of his box, so drive him right away,
but as gently as possible!
If he feels assaulted, he will refuse.
As part of your learning, accidents will be inevitable, but you have to be patient and you will see progress quickly.
As soon as he has his needs in the tray, reward him with a caress, encouragement always pronounced in a soft and loving voice and offer him a treat.
In case of an accident, never put your cat’s nose in his urine or feces, because he would not understand this gesture and might think that you show him what to do.
On the contrary, once his needs are done, let him feel them and take him gently to gently put him in his tray so that he understands that he must do them in next time.
No need, however, to do this several hours after the accident, he would not understand.
Be that as it may, do not shout at him, do not scold him and do not abuse him. You would only stress, scare and invite him to start again.